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Higher Education

Serving the legal needs of higher education institutions

Varnum has served as counsel to more than 50 educational institutions, of which 24 are public or private higher education institutions.

Through our experience, we have developed a deep understanding of the issues that educators and educational administrators must address, as well as how those issues may affect faculty, staff, students and the broader community.

We routinely provide counsel and representation in a variety of specialty practice areas.

Arbitration and Mediation

Varnum has represented higher education clients in mediations and arbitrations in both unionized and non-unionized settings utilizing federal or private mediators. We are also experienced dealing with faculty associations in negotiations on behalf of its members.

We have arbitrated or mediated many disputes related to higher education, including release of faculty, denial of tenure, denial of promotion and rejection of policies. In the majority of cases, we have been successful in negotiating a resolution that meets the administration’s goals and is acceptable to the those bringing the grievance. Where possible, we use neutral third parties or a privately-selected individual from the local community.

Affiliation Agreements

Our higher education attorneys have advised clients on the optimal structuring of joint ventures and the tax implications of such arrangements. We have assisted in the negotiation and documenting of numerous affiliation agreements with educational business partners. In addition, we have further assisted in the negotiation of “win-win” contractual arrangements between higher education institutions, their vendors and other business partners.

Civil Rights

We work with the administration of our higher education clients to ensure processes, policies and procedures – involving hiring, promotion, discipline, termination, admission and expulsion – are both aligned with the mission and goals of the organization and comply with laws protecting civil rights.

We regularly assist clients with defense against claims filed with the Michigan Department of Civil Rights, OCR and/or EEOC on the full spectrum of civil rights issues including age, race, religion, gender and disability matters. We also deal with free speech, academic freedom and privacy issues involving faculty, staff and students.

We review, revise and draft policies for all the issues listed above, advise on compliance and handle the process of civil rights investigations on various issues such as Title IX, Section 504 and Clery. We also have experience in advising clients on handling charges alleging discrimination based on LGBTQ status. Many higher education institutions have processes in place to promote diverse faculty and student populations. We routinely advise on these processes and defend clients against reverse discrimination claims.


We represent or have represented community colleges, colleges and universities in a wide range of construction matters, including:

  • Claims related to delays
  • Extra work
  • Productivity impact
  • Defects
  • Construction lien and bond claims
  • Contract drafting and negotiation
  • Contract disputes and claims involving contractors, suppliers and subcontractors

We also work with architects in the drafting of RFPs, legal issues involved in state oversight, bid issues (including qualifying low bidders and evaluation of different bid packages) and representing the client in bid disputes.


Varnum has experience in the various stages of contractual relations from negotiation through drafting, review, standardization, compliance with regulatory requirements and the settling of disputes including breach of contract. These matters include virtually every business arrangement that higher education institutions enter into, including:

  • Contracts for professional services
  • Leases
  • Employment agreements
  • Agreements for the acquisition of facilities and equipment
  • Design and construction agreements
  • Technology transfers
  • Relationships with other schools

We also have specific skill in avoiding pitfalls in the acquisition of computer software and hardware, as well as the subcontracting of support services.

Crises Management

We are experienced in assisting educational institutions in times of crises. We have helped clients deal with incidents of alleged sexual assault and sexual misconduct, shootings and disclosure of confidential information. As soon as we are notified of an incident, we assist in assembling the appropriate response team, including the institution’s personnel, outside counselors and other professionals as required. Our work typically involves providing counsel regarding risk and liability, drafting required documents and notices, fielding questions and engaging/working with a public relations firm.

Data Privacy and Cybersecurity

We draft and review digital, marketing and privacy compliance policies and best practices, and routinely counsel clients on a broad range of compliance and regulatory areas, including privacy and data security.

We regularly represent clients in matters of libel, slander and defamation. Our experience includes the successful defense of a major Michigan university in a civil defamation matter regarding right of privacy in cell phone data. Additionally, we are experienced in privacy matters, particularly in the Internet, computer and data breach areas. We recently counseled university leadership on a matter involving potential improper disclosure of confidential information where employee information was inadvertently emailed to someone other than the intended recipient.

We have significant experience in e-commerce law including e-commerce contracts (terms and conditions, terms of service, EULAs) and privacy policies for both SaaS and mobile. We have advised clients on:

  • Anti-spam regulations
  • Electronic signatures
  • Intellectual property ownership and licensing
  • User generated content
  • Service provider immunity under Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act
  • Online advertising and marketing

In addition, we counsel clients in electronic payment and related data security matters, as well as state and local tax matters related to e-commerce.

Education Law

Varnum attorneys have substantial experience providing guidance to clients on all issues relating to ADA compliance for the student/special education population and staff. Our attorneys advise and assist with issues relating to special education students, including, but not limited to MDE, OCR and MDCR complaints, due process hearings and disciplinary situations.

We routinely advise on laws and issues specifically associated with higher education, such as:

  • Title IX
  • Clery Act
  • VAWA
  • ADA/504
  • Tenure and promotion
  • Academic freedom
  • Freedom of speech
  • Risk and responsibility
  • Campus safety

We review, revise and draft policies for all of the issues listed above, advise on compliance and handle the process of civil rights investigations on various issues such as Title IX, Section 504 and the Clery Act. Further, we proactively look at changes in the law and advise our clients of potential impacts, including how the OCR assesses and enforces various aspects of the law.

Health Care

Varnum has robust experience in all health care needs of higher education institutions, including drafting affiliation agreements between educational institutions and the medical organizations that provide internships to students. We have also worked with higher education institutions on legal matters relating to the direct provision of health care services to students.

Our benefits practice provides legal assistance with health care plans, including high deductible health plans, health savings accounts, health reimbursement arrangements, and compliance with Health Care Reform, COBRA and HIPAA, as well as structuring wellness programs.

Internal Investigations

Varnum is experienced in conducting internal investigations for colleges and universities, whether initiated by government inquiry or by administration. During an investigation, we interview key members of administration, faculty, staff and the student body involved in the matter, and review and analyze critical evidence to determine whether violations have been committed. We also identify any gaps in the institution’s compliance plans. Conducting an investigation helps the institution identify potential problems and demonstrates the institution’s commitment to remedying them.

Always client focused, our goal is to achieve the most efficient and favorable resolution for the client—whether it is a declination of prosecution, defending the institution or individual (s) in court, or arriving at a settlement.

In addition, we provide training in areas where faculty and/or staff may not fully understand their obligations with respect to laws specifically associated with higher education, including the issues, policies and processes surrounding these laws. For example, one of our attorneys was the lead counsel in a significant independent investigation into a public university’s response to a tragic on-campus murder and its compliance with the Clery Act. His public report received national acclaim and recognition. Subsequently, he has delivered numerous presentations to college and university associations across the country on the Clery Act, campus safety and security matters.

“I was first introduced to Varnum when considering legal counsel for a commercial litigation matter. What I found was that the firm in general and the attorneys I worked with in particular were highly competent and skilled in their practice area of the law. Most impressive was their focus on listening to the client and the effectiveness with which they communicated complex legal matters in an easily understandable manner. I have since engaged with other attorneys at the firm in different practice areas. I find all that I have worked with to have similar qualities. Without hesitation, I would recommend Varnum.”

Vice President, Michigan liberal arts college

Our services for higher education institutions encompass the full range of legal issues

Our services include:

  • General counsel and governance
  • Regulation and compliance
  • Labor and employment
  • Construction and real estate
  • Education law

In addition, we have represented educational institutions in numerous litigation matters before state courts, federal courts and administrative agencies on such subjects as contractual disputes, tort claims defense, employment discrimination and civil rights matters. We have also defended university and college disciplinary actions.

Meet the Team

Our attorneys are routinely recognized for their excellence and ability to litigate, negotiate and advise clients by Top Lawyers, Best Lawyers, Chambers USA and more.

Legal Practices Related to Higher Education

Environmental and Natural Resources

Varnum helps clients understand and operate successfully in the changing landscape of federal, state and local environmental requirements.

We have developed deep experience in representing clients in judicial and administrative environmental enforcement proceedings at the federal, state and local levels—including alternative dispute resolution (ADR).

Learn more about Varnum's Environmental and Natural Resources Practice


Clients rely on us to handle the strategy and details of immigration issues so that they can get down to business.

We navigate the laws and procedures of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), Department of State (DOS), Department of Labor (DOL) and state workforce agencies (SWAs) to place key personnel within U.S. operations and to facilitate relationships with overseas affiliates and partners. In addition, we counsel employers concerning work authorization issues, and compliance with immigration and labor laws.

Learn more about Varnum's Immigration Practice

Intellectual Property

Varnum’s intellectual property lawyers do what it takes to protect clients’ ideas and products.

Your company may have developed the newest technology and the most innovative products, but if they’re not properly protected you may as well invite your competitors to help themselves to the profits. In today’s market, intellectual property is one of your most valuable assets. Varnum’s intellectual property lawyers do what it takes to protect your ideas and products.

Learn more about Varnum's Intellectual Property Practice

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Please be aware that contacting us via e-mail does not create an attorney-client relationship between you and the firm. Do not send confidential information to the firm until you have spoken with one of our attorneys and receive authorization to send such materials.